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The History of Ice Hockey
- Jan 08, 2019 -

Ice hockey is an ice sport and is featured with physical contact and fast-paced. This sport requires players has skilled skiing and hockey ability. In an official game, two teams of skaters use sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent’s goal to score. The team get more scores at the end is the winner of game. 


Ice hockey is believed evolve from hocky game in Northern Europe. The Britain solders brought hockey to North America. The first official indoor ice hockey game is played on March 3, 1875, in Montreal, Canada. At that time, each team has 30 skaters on ice. In 1879, Professor R.F. Smith and student W.F. Robertson in McGill University set the game rule with 9 skaters on ice for each team. 


Amateurs found the first amateurish ice hockey league in 1885 and the first professional ice hockey originated around 1900. In this stage, players start wearing protectors around their bodies to ensure their safety during the game. After that, ice hockey spread to United State and European countries. In 1904, National Hockey League (NHL) is founded. In 1908, the Ligue International de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) is found in Paris, it headquarter is in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1912, the Canadian ice hockey rules, which consist 6 players each team, were adopted by IIHF.