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Hockey development history
- Jan 04, 2019 -
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The name hockey (HOCKEY) originated in French and means the shepherd's stick. The origin of hockey has a long history. The pyramids of Egypt and the wall carvings of ancient Greece have similar images of hockey games. In the Tang Dynasty of China, "step play" has been popular, and its movement is similar to that of today's popular hockey. In the 17th century, hockey was a free-form competition, when 100 athletes fought on the streets of England.


The modern hockey sport originated in the United Kingdom in the early 19th century. It became the official competition for the first time in the London Olympics in 1908. It became a fixed competition in 1928 and a women's project in 1980. In the 30 years since the 1920s, India has almost monopolized all world champions and won six gold medals from 1928 to 1956. In the history of Indian hockey, there have been five Barbie-Singhs. The first Sinh led the Indian team to defeat the Dutch team 6-1 and won the 1952 Helsinki Olympic hockey men's gold medal.


Hockey is not very common in China, and there are fewer hockey players than basketball, football and tennis. But that doesn't mean that hockey is not attractive. On the contrary, in the European and American youth movies, many sunny and handsome male characters are hockey players. In China, more and more parents encourage children to play hockey, because hockey can exercise children's flexibility, flexibility, coordination, endurance, physical strength, IQ, willpower and guts. It is conducive to cultivating children's willingness to work hard and teamwork spirit, which is good for children's physical and mental development.


Whether on the ice or on the grass, hockey is a sport that can help you speed up your fitness. Want to burn 500 calories per hour? Then pick up the club and the game begins!


In a hockey game, each athlete must run at least 2 to 3 kilometers. When you try to hit the ball with your hockey stick, your hand-eye coordination is improved. Wielding a hockey stick can exercise your arms, running fast and all your pauses can move to your legs and hips. If you feel that the amount of exercise is too great, then relax and have a half-time hockey.


People with weak hearts are definitely not suitable for playing hockey. What parents are most worried about is that the intense impact of hockey will hurt the child. In fact, hockey sports need to wear professional protective gear, and the safety is actually higher than other collective sports such as football and basketball.


Hockey is an ancient sport and a ball sport that is widely practiced internationally. It has been thousands of years since. The name of the ancient hockey pioneer is very famous, although it can not be verified, but it can be sure that the Asian people of China, Persia and India loved it 3,000 years ago. According to the book "Hockey Sport" published by the Berlin Sports Publishing House in 1981, it is known that Chinese soldiers used to play with sticks and balls 2697 years ago.


The earliest "research" can be traced back to 2000 BC. On the murals of the twenty-sixth tombs discovered by Beny Hasson in the Nile Valley of Egypt, two people standing opposite each other and holding curved wooden sticks overlap each other, which is probably the predecessor of modern hockey. Another "evidence" is an ancient ruin excavated on the coast of Athens in 1922. A relief carved on the sloping wall depicts six players playing a hockey-like game. In the embossing, four people stand by the stick, and the two central players seem to play hockey, which is very similar to the modern hockey.


Historians believe that hockey has emerged in ancient civilizations in many countries. There are also historical records in countries such as China, India, and Persia. According to the inference, ancient humans used to hit or roll balls with branches and sticks to celebrate the triumph; or throw a stone to a fixed target, or use a stick to tease the round stone to entertain. These activities have evolved into hockey after a long period of evolution and continuous improvement.


In ancient China, the pace of playing was much earlier than that of European hockey. It was spread to Japan in the eighth century. On the flower felt of the Sui and Tang Dynasties in the old warehouse of Nakagura, Nara, the ancient capital of Japan, there is a picture of children playing in the footsteps. The felt is 236 cm long and 124 cm wide. The pattern of the felt is composed of flowers and a batting-like boy. The boy who hits the ball holds a crescent-shaped bat in his right hand and is hitting the ball in the bow. There is a ball on the left. The whole pattern vividly shows the vivid scene of the Tang Dynasty boy hitting the ball. Therefore, there should be a certain relationship between European hockey and Chinese step play.


There are images similar to modern hockey games on Egyptian pyramids and ancient Greek wall carvings. In the Tang Dynasty, China popularized "step play" (two teams in the game, the players each holding a bent wooden stick to hit the ball on foot, to win the opponent's goal to win more), the movement is similar to modern hockey, modern hockey Originated in the United Kingdom, the first hockey club appeared in the United Kingdom in 1861, the first hockey association was established in England in 1875, and the 1889 men's hockey game was held in London. Since then hockey has gradually spread to the Commonwealth countries.